Hunting in Bulgaria
The country: Bulgaria is a country situated in Southeast Europe. Its capital city is Sofia. Bulgaria is bordering Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. With a land area of 110,994 square km, Bulgaria is the 16th-largest country in Europe. Bulgaria`s population is 7.5 million people.
Climate: Considering its relatively small area, Bulgaria has variable and complex climate. The country occupies the southernmost part of the continental climatic zone, with small areas in the south falling within the Mediterranean climatic zone. Annual precipitation is around 635 mm, but this can vary throughout the year. The four seasons, spring, summer, autumn and winter, are clearly differentiated.
Flights: There are daily flights to Sofia, Varna and Burgas airports from most European capitals. Intercontinental flight connections can be made in Frankfurt, Vienna, Paris, Amsterdam, London or Istanbul.
Visa: A visa for Bulgaria is not required for US citizens, or EU passport holders.
Rifle import permit: Hunters may bring their own firearms, but it is crucial to arrange all details with us in advance. All EU citizens who have valid EU firearms pass (EFP) can enter Bulgaria with their own rifles and ammunition, without any additional requirements. If you do not possess such an EU firearms pass (EFP), an official firearms import permit must be obtained for entering Bulgaria with your personal hunting rifle and ammunition. The process takes 30 working days. You need to be able to provide all rifle and ammunition details as well as a valid hunting license from your home country. We will personally meet you at the airport and assist you with all customs procedures and formalities. Then together we will depart to the hunting area.
Accommodation: The hunting lodges vary greatly in size, terrain, habitat, accommodations and ease of access. Depending of your hunting wishes and game preferences, we will choose the lodge and hunting area that best fits your expectations. You will experience the Bulgarian hospitality, local traditions, Bulgarian cuisine with recipes handed down from one generation to the other.
Hunting: Bulgaria is a country with an amazing nature and various wildlife. Hunting difficulty levels vary a lot. For hunters seeking mountain adventures, there are high rugged peaks where chamois are stalked, and there are also many hilly regions and plains areas where deer and other game live in abundance. Most hunting is done by spot-and-stalk or by still hunting from a high seat. Depending of the game chosen we propose our 4 nights / 3 hunting days or our 6 nights / 5 hunting days programs.
Bulgaria is also one of the few European countries that allows bow hunting. The trophy hunting in Bulgaria is generally open all year long. The hunting periods for big game species are set as follows:
1st September - 31st January - European Red Deer, Balkan Chamois (female - 15th September - 31 October), Fallow Deer, Balkan Chamois (male - 1st December to 15th January);
15th April - 15th May – Capercaillie, Balkan Chamois (male);
1st May - 30th October - Roe Deer;
All year round - Wild Boar (individual hunt), Mouflon, Wolf, Fox, Golden Jackal;
st October - 15th January - Wild Boar driven hunts.
After the hunt: We will assist and monitor all the processes from the harvest of your trophies, through the taxidermist`s work and export documentation to the shipping agent and the actual trophy shipping to your home.
Small game hunting in Bulgaria
One of the most popular types of wing shooting in Bulgaria is woodcock hunting, and for good reason. These birds' migration route takes them directy through Bulgaria, making it one of the best woodcock hunting destinations in the world.
Woodcock hunts begin at around 9:00 AM, the best time being in daylight, with a pointing dog. The Setter and the Pointer have proved themselves invaluable helpers for this hunt. The woodcock is a secretive bird; most commonly encountered in forests, hence its name - woodcock. It likes to hide along the edge of the forest, in gullies, near small rivers, where the soil is soft and in short bushes (briar, blackberry and thorny bushes), but must be close to the forest. During rapid temperature drops, the woodcock can be found in pine forests, where the snow and rime can’t reach the ground.
There it spends the entire day feeding and resting, and manages to survive because the soil doesn’t freeze. Some of the best regions for hunting woodcocks can be found in Bulgaria. These regions maintain the vitally necessary for the bird temperature of 5 degrees Celsius. It’s a well-known fact that one of the biggest woodcock migration routes - via Pontica - passes through Bulgaria, making it one of the best hunting destinations for this bird in the world.
These birds stay for the longest time-period precisely in Bulgaria. Bulgarian hunters don’t have much interest in woodcocks, allowing mostly foreign hunters to indulge in this type of wingshooting in Bulgaria. The best habitats are near the Black sea, because the snow melts quickly thanks to the maritime climate. The hunting terrains are easily traversable because the soil is soft and lacks rocky areas. Some of the forests are sparse which allows for better visibility of the birds and more trophies.
The hunt for woodcocks is tremendously interesting because it is difficult, involves long treks and strong emotions. The best pointing dog for hunting these birds is the English setter. It has a firm stance, searches the places where the vegetation is thickest, has a good tempo and covers large areas. Unlike the Pointer it searches in a circular fashion and, most of the time, it tries to block the bird’s escape.
The Pointer has a good sense of smell, but searches further and in a straight line, which makes it possible for it to miss some of the birds. There are exceptions; some Pointers are very good in hunting woodcocks. Lately, we have begun to see the German shorthaired pointer in the forest, but the problem is that they track and give chase to furred game.
The best terrains for woodcock wingshooting in Bulgaria are short-stalked forests, clearings, and sparse beech, oak and coniferous forests as long as there are meadows frequented by livestock nearby. At night, woodcocks find their food in those meadows by burrowing.
In the beginning of the season for wood pigeon hunting doesn’t differ from turtledoves as both animals are stalked in the same feeding spots (sunflower fields and harvested agricultural fields).
Hunters have to be at the hunting grounds at 7:00 AM and can hunt there until 11:00 AM. From 11:00 AM to 16:00 PM the birds can be stalked by the watering spots (beside rivers, swamps, overflows etc.) and the places where they rest (damp, sunless forests beside sunflower fields, acacia forests, dried tree trunks or massive singular trees from which the wood pigeon has the possibility to keep watch for any threats). Hunters need to be under the cover of a tree or at the edge of the forest and shoot only birds in flight. The period for this type of wingshooting in Bulgaria starts the beginning of August and ends on the 30th of October.
Wood pigeon hunting with lures:
Wood pigeons can be hunted with lures beginning from the 30th of October until the end of February. The hunting grounds are rice fields, harvested corn and sunflower fields etc. The most important thing about this hunt is observation, based on it we can determine where exactly the birds feed.
Using camouflage netting a hideout is constructed near the edge of the field. 20 to 40 artificial birds and two devices with rotating mock wood pigeons imitating landing birds and luring flocks. Spreading some additional food, found in the field (sunflower seeds, corn etc.), between the lures is recommended because the birds have excellent vision. Additionally a lone, static, wood pigeon is placed on a high place overlooking the field to play the role of a lookout.
Shooting range is 15-30 m.; firing before the bird lands gives the best results. When there is more than one person involved, the hunters are allowed to fire only on command.
Retriever dogs can be used for this type of wingshooting in Bulgaria. The dog must be well disciplined and must be able to stay still inside the hideout because the birds are suspicious when they notice movement. The hunters must stay still while in the hideout as well.
Weapon: Semi-automatic rifles are the preferred choice, but side-by-side or over/under shotguns can also be used. Barrel length should be between 66 and 76 cm and the chokes can be: |, ||, |||. The most commonly used rounds are № 6 ½ and № 7 ½, generally though you can use rounds ranging from № 5 to № 8
Accessories: camouflage netting, 3D camouflages, appropriate clothes that seamlessly blend in with the terrain.
The wood grouse is the biggest gallinaceous bird and is encountered in pine forests at over 1500 m above sea level.
It is also one of the most prestigious trophies among birds. Wood grouse hunting takes place early in the morning, before dawn. Observations need to be made beforehand to identify the so-called tokovishta (places where the wood grouse mates with 1 to 6 females).
Wood grouse hunting can only take place during its mating period, and having a guide who knows the area well is mandatory, because the trecks to the hunting grounds are made in complete darkness. Advancing towards the singing wood grouse happens on command from the guide.
Depending on the terrain, up to 3 paces are walked only during certain parts of the wood grouse’s song. It makes 3 sounds and the hunters can move only when it starts singing the third one - brosene. This is a sound that mimics the sound of sharpening a scythe. Before that the two others are popping (sounds like opening a bottle of champagne) and knocking. When making the third sound the wood grouse can’t hear anything, that’s why the hunters need to make their advance then.
If a hunter cannot synchronize their movement with the bird’s song, the guide must take their hand and make sure they move in unison with the melody. Shooting distance is about 30 m and the shot is taken on the command of the hunting guide. This is the only bird that can be shot when on the ground. The rounds are № 2/0 до № 4/0 when hunting with a smoothbore weapon.
When hunting with a rifled weapon, the shooting distance can be between 50 to 80 m, if the visibility allows it. When using a rifled weapon the wood grouse can be hunted in daylight, because the distances are significantly greater. Rifles and Flobert rifles can be used, as well as 223 and all small caliber shotguns. The wood grouse in Bulgaria is an exceptional trophy but it isn’t a bird that can be consumed. It is a trophy which can be stuffed and preserved.
The hunt itself is very interesting and emotional.
Wild duck hunting is one of the coldest and most exciting types of wing shooting in Bulgaria. There are three types of duck hunting. The first kind is at flight, early in the morning and at dusk. The second kind is with fake lures at the resting spots (reservoirs, dams, rivers and runoff water). The third kind is walked up hunting along river banks, canals and streams.
When hunting in the early hours of the morning, the hunters have to be at the hunting spots before dawn. The birds move from ther feeding spots towards the resting spots. Those are normally large dams and high-water rivers. Wearing warm clothes is recommended, but using camouflage coverings is a must, due to the fact that these birds have a sharp eyesight and a very acute sense of hearing. It is a good idea for hunters to use auditory decoys, so as to direct the birds towards themselves. You may use retriever dogs (Golden Retrievers, Labradors, Drahthaarts, Kurzhaarts and Setters). The dogs need to be very disciplined, compliant and to obey the command Stay in place!. Dogs with experience trace the shot birds by themselves and swiftly retrieve them for their guide.
During the hunts at dusk, it is advisable to lie in wait for the ducks at their feeding spots.
Those are: surface runoff areas (overland flow), harvested fields (rice fields), shallow streams, flooded corn fields (grooves filled with water). It is mandatory to use auditory decoys, so as to direct the birds towards the desired places. It is advisable to use retriever dogs, due to the fact that the hunt takes place in the darker hours of the day. For this kind of wing shooting in Bulgaria, using Drahthaars and Kurzhaars brings greater success. They are able to find the shot birds visually as well as by smell, while Labradors and Golden Retrievers tend to track the bird visually and are more suited for hunting at wide open water areas (reflective water surfaces).
Walked up hunting is the second method of hunting ducks. That is an emotion-filled outing involving long hikes, which is why the hunter must be in excellent health. This kind of hunt is most sucessful when the bigger dams in the area freeze over. Smaller canals and rivers do not allow the water to freeze even at temperatures below - 15 degrees. Birds are aware of that and they find favourable conditions to rest and eat. It is recommended to start this type of hunt at 6 am, and it can last until as late as 5 pm. It may then be combined with an evening hunt at dusk. Combined, the two types of hunt can bring wonderful results. During walked up hunts, it is good to use a guide who knows the places where the birds rest during the day. Once you near the resting spots, you need to move quietly and stay low. You need to use the surrounding vegetation as a cover while you approach the birds and use the element of surprise. It’s possible to lift between 20 and 50 birds into the air at one of these spots. When moving along a riverbank or canal, you need a disciplined dog that walks no more than 15 - 20 steps ahead of you. Once you near the resting spots, the dog must obey the command Heel! or Behind me! so as not to lift the resting game birds. In Bulgaria, the most widely established dog breeds are Drahthaar and Kurzhaar. Once the birds have been shot, the dogs must retrieve the birds from water as well as dry land under the command Retrieve!. The dog must be able to maneuvre through obstacles (water obstacles, fallen trees, ponds, etc.) - in other words, it needs to be hardy while retrieving.
The third kind of hunting is by lying in wait for the birds at their resting spots. Those are: large reservoirs (dams), surface runoffs. It is mandatory to use lures (decoys). It is advisable to put between 40 and 100 duck decoys into the water. It is good to have two or three pairs of spinning wing decoys (mojos). You may use mobile duck decoys with electric motors, so as to create the illusion that the birds are moving. The hunters need to have made a temporary hiding place at the river bank. It must blend in with the terrain so as not to arouse suspicion in the birds. A boat camouflaged with reed vegetation can be used for the same purpose. Hunting by boat allows the hunters to choose the hunting spots for themselves. When using decoys in such cases, they need to be mobile, with built-in chords and weights (so that they can be thrown directly from the boat).
The turtle-dove’s passage begins at 7:30 AM and ends at 11:00, at the places where it feeds (sunflower fields), that is why the hunters have to be at the hunting grounds by 7:00 AM. Due to the fact that birds of the dove species use the same air corridors when flying, it is advised that the hunting guides research the hunting spots a day or two in advance.
The spots where the cover will be set to stalk the birds are decided on the basis of the collected information. After 11:00 AM if we’re not satisfied with the results, we can stalk the birds by their watering places (by rivers, swamps, overflows etc.), on the condition that there are trees, dried tree trunks, electrical posts and wires.
The use of retriever dogs is common practice. The dog must be very disciplined and adept at carrying out commands.
It should obey the commands: stay, lay down, fetch. An experienced dog has the ability to track the moving birds before the hunter and upon shooting to bring back the bird quickly and energetically, well remembering the shot bird’s exact spot. It must sit down in front of the hunter and give back the animal.
During a group hunt (in groups of 4 - 8 hunters), it’s advisable they cover all corridors of the passing birds, forcing them to keep flying in the air and giving the hunters a chance to continue shooting. The turtle-dove flies at speeds of 70 to 90 km/h and must be anticipated properly.
Snipes are rarely the target of Bulgarian hunters, but there is quite the interest from foreign hunters.
This type of wing shooting in Bulgaria doesn’t require the hunters to get up early and can continue the entire day. Snipes are most commonly hunted in the so called overflows (fields that retain water, rice fields, spots where rivers have overflown and shallow lakes).
This is a bird that makes one of the longest migratory flights in the world. There is evidence that some specimens travel from Japan to Bulgaria. The hunt is very emotional and puts the hunter’s marksmanship skills to the test.
On liftoff snipes let out a cry which guides the hunter to the target. The problem is the bird makes sudden and sharp turns to either side and after the 30th meter straightens out its trajectory.
Missing the target is quite common. Out of the three types of snipes (small, common and large) the common snipe is allowed to be hunted in Bulgaria. Retriever dogs, which cope well with watery terrains, can be used.
The dogs must work very close to the hunter, at a distance no greater than 20 - 25 m. because the snipe lifts off at the 20th meter (the bird doesn’t allow the hunter to get close to it; the terrain doesn’t allow stealthy movement) and does so very quickly, making it quite difficult to hit.
English Setters have established themselves as the best dogs for this hunt. They have a good, firm stance and an exceptional sense of smell. Their fur protects them from the moisture and they can work all day.
Snipe hunting is allowed in the period from the beginning of August to the end of February. The best time for this type of wing shooting in Bulgaria is in December and January when most water basins freeze.
Quail hunting in Bulgaria - one of the two types of wing shooting in Bulgaria that can take place as early as August. Quail hunting is carried out primarily in the early hours of the day. It’s recommended you be at the hunting grounds by 6:00 AM.
In the beginning of the season, it is best you hunt until 10:00 AM and from 16:00 to 19:00 in the afternoon because of the high temperatures which impede the dogs work. During that period, it’s advisable you choose hunting grounds that are at greater altitudes. Practice shows us that quails prefer higher mountainous regions when the temperatures start to rise. They are most commonly encountered in meadows where different sorts of millet grow, in flat fields of harvested grain crops or the so called stubble fields where weeds are dominant.
The use of dogs of English breed (Pointer, Setter, etc.) is recommended. Hunting quails in passages is the most intense and successful method, when groups of 1000 to 3000 birds are formed. The season for this kind of wing shooting in Bulgaria is from the 1st of September to the 1st of October. During this period, temperatures are lower and it’s possible to hunt throughout the course of the entire day. A single hunter can shoot more than 100 birds during this type of hunt.
If the dogs are well trained, it is possible to shoot around 15 - 30 quails in about 2 - 4 hours. Our advice is to only shoot when the dog is in its pointing stance. That way there is equality between the hunter and the prey, and the hunt itself is pleasant. The dog has to be well trained, have a firm pointing stance and be a good retriever.
Young dogs can be brought along on this hunt, because they gain qualities and experience, making them better helpers when hunting other types of birds. The dog must work hard to find the game and, after the shot, bring it back to the hunter. If it learns to find quails then it will be able to find all other types of birds with ease. The recommended shooting distance is 20 to 30 meters. When the dog is standing still but there is nothing in front of it, it should be allowed to pick up the scent of the fleeing animal.
During group hunts the participant have to walk slowly and stop every 10 - 15 paces for about 30 seconds. That way the birds that press themselves down to the ground are forced to leave their cover and the dogs are given a chance to pick up their scents. When hunting in a group (4 - 5 hunters) we must always know the position of our fellow hunters. Whenever a person from the group fires their gun in an attempt to shoot down a bird, the others have to wait for him and then fire. Usually a region is searched with the group forming a line, complying with the safety measures.
The quails are completely wild; the populations are not mixed with birds raised in captivity. The best hunting period starts on the 1st of September and ends on the 1st of October. The hunting terrains are mountainous, hilly and farmlands.
Pheasant hunting is a fun and exciting type of wing shooting in Bulgaria's flatlands.
The hunt for pheasants begins at around 9:00 AM and can last the entire day. The terrain can be small, rolling hills, flatlands or along rivers and canals where thick vegetation is present.
Wild pheasants prefer hiding in thick bushes. The best places for this kind of wingshooting in Bulgaria are along the river Danube, in the northern part of the country. The hunt can be done in a group or individually, walking along rivers canals and the edges of forests.
When hunting pheasants in Bulgaria, continental pointing dogs find wider use, because the terrain is overgrown with thick vegetation where the English pointing dogs find difficulties. There are areas in Bulgaria where pheasants bred in reserves can be hunted. These birds live on huge patches of closed off land where they can grow much like their wild counterparts. They are bred in order to meet the numbers that hunters desire, especially during driven hunts.
Pheasants can be hunted all year round in Bulgaria at the designated places.
Partridge Hunting in Bulgaria begins at around 9:00 AM, because the gallinaceous birds do not require the hunter to get up and be at the hunting grounds very early. This type of wing shooting in Bulgaria takes place in flatlands and regions with small, rolling hills.
Partridges found in Bulgaria are wild and their biggest populations reside near Plovdiv, where there are lots of uncultivated lands and fields of weeds. In these places partridges can easily hide and breed. Some flocks consist of more than 50 birds. It is possible to see 10 to 20 families a day. Partridges are hunted with pointing dogs, the Pointer and Setter being the breeds most commonly used. They scour bigger areas quickly and have a good firm stance.
Some Pointers can smell flocks from 100 m away. You can hunt individually or in a group. Nervous dogs are to be avoided (dogs that can’t hold their stance or are easily provoked by the moving birds in front of them, which in turn impedes the hunters’ advance). Partridges, when in danger, fly 300-600m from where they were standing and land again. That is why their flight path needs to be tracked.
We need to have good control over the dog so as to be able to regulate the search distance, especially when we know where the birds are. The families have a strong scent which makes them easy to find. It’s advisable, when hunting partridges, to try and break up the flock. Then they press to the ground longer and we can observe beautiful stances from the dogs.
This type of wing shooting in Bulgaria can last all day with a lot of ground covered with high tempo. That is why the hunter needs to be in good health.
Hares are one of the most popular species of game for Bulgarian hunters. Hare hunting is deeply enrooted in Bulgarian tradition.
There are two methods for hunting hares used in Bulgaria. One is on foot with pointing dogs, but the more preferred one is by driven hunt.
Usually flat, rolling and isolated patches of land are searched. Hares are hunted in groups, and the hunters usually align in a straight line within 6-10 paces of each other. During group hunts, safety precautions are of vital importance.
Shooting is only allowed in front of the hunter and behind them, while keeping in mind the position of the other participants in the hunt. Usually, plowed patches are searched, especially in windy conditions. The reason for this is that the hare lies down in a small burrow with its back to a big lump of dirt. This usually occurs during cold winter days.
Depending on the weather, hares can be encountered by the edge of fields and forests and in rolling terraced places, especially in rainy conditions. In these spots, the soil drains well and the hare can watch out for danger. They always choose high places (terraced hills, mounds, dams, etc.) for their burrows.
The dogs must work close to the hunters and, upon finding the hare, must freeze in a pointing stance in front of it. After the shot they must bring back the animal.
The hunters should be in good health due to the long treks in cold weather. A backpack is a must since each hunter carries their catch. Foreign hunters usually hunt with a guide and a carrier so this doesn’t always apply to them.
Goose hunting involves early mornings and very cold treks. This type of wing shooting in Bulgaria is effective while the birds are in flight in the morning and late afternoon.
In the morning the geese are stalked by the places they have rested at (big lakes and rivers). Places that offer a vantage point are chosen, allowing the hunters pick the birds off before they manage to climb beyond the hunters’ range. The best distance for shooting geese is about 30 to 40 m. This is a very resilient bird and that is why bigger pellets must be used (№ 1, № 0, № 2/0 and № 4/0).
In the late afternoon the geese can be stalked by the places they rest at overnight (big lakes and rivers), usually by the edge of the water. The use of goose calls is recommended in order to lure the birds in the desired direction. At dusk the shooting distance can range from 15 to 30 m.
The second way to hunt geese is at their feeding spots.These are fields with wheat crops still in the early stages of their growth, the main food source for the geese. After the field is chosen a hideout that blends in with its surroundings is constructed. The hideout can be set up some time before the hunt allowing the birds some time to get accustomed to its presence.
Decoys with and without spinning wings can be used as well as 3 artificial magpies and 50 to 100 static birds, mimicking a flock of feeding and resting geese. Other types of decoy birds can be used in order to create the illusion of a peaceful field. Shooting distance ranges between 15 to 30 m.
Hunters can use goose calls to direct the flocks to the desired spots and because the birds drop down from great heights the hunters must have patience and wait for them to come within range. Shooting is under the command of the guide (Now! etc.). These are powerful birds with good plumage. If shot at prematurely there is a chance to miss or wound the goose.
A retriever dog can be used. It must be well-disciplined and obey the command Stay! and must be kept inside the hideout. Geese hunts can last the entire day and the hunt itself is static and in cold weather.That is why heat insulating clothes, warm winter boots and neoprene socks are a must for this type of wing shooting in Bulgaria.
Big game hnting in Bulgari
The Balkan Chamois mostly inhabits the Rhodope and Rila mountains. The hunting areas in Bulgaria are usually over 1800 m, but in certain places even over 800 m and the stalking is easier than elsewhere. Female chamois have an average of 90 - 93 CIC points, the males about 103 - 106 CIC points. Hunting chamois in Bulgaria gives hunters a chance to get amazing trophies.
Wild Boar Hunting from a High Seat
Individually, wild boar hunting in Bulgaria is done from a high seat. During the summer period, the fur of the wild boar is short and rare (from May to October) and it is not as beautiful and impressive. The quality of the trophies shot down is high and the sizes range between 18 and 31 cm. The world record for wild boar trophy is in Bulgaria - 158.2 points CIC.
Roe deer are widely distributed throughout our country. Its population has gradually increased in the last few years. The average weight of male deer trophies is abound 300 to 500 g. However, specimens with a trophy weight more than 400 g are often shot.
From the end of spring until the beginning of autumn, the big game rests. Only roe buck hunting is allowed during this period. The best time for successful hunting is in May and June just before the forest trees rustle, and the grass has not grown too high. The rut is usually at the end of July.The most suitable time for roe deer hunting in Bulgaria is in May, when the season opens and in August, during the mating period.
In Bulgaria, the roe deer inhabits lowlands as well as mountains. The hunting method used here is stalking, which requires good preparation. However, waiting and stalking are worth if you want to acquire trophy with weight about 300 - 450 g in the mountainous hunting areas, and 400 - 550 g in the northeastern Bulgarian plains. Trophies of roe deer are symmetrical, with long and richly pearled antlers.
Red deer are the pride of Bulgaria's hunting reserves. Some of the best red deer trophies have been shot in Bulgaria.
Due to the rich natural biotope and proper care the population boasts very good trophy characteristics - mighty, beautifully symmet
Hunting trips in Europe
- Hunting in Austria
- Hunting in Belarus
- Hunting in Croatia
- Hunting in Czech Republic
- Hunting in Estonia
- Hunting in Finland
- Hunting in France
- Hunting in Germany
- Hunting in Greece
- Hunting in Hungary
- Hunting in Ireland
- Hunting in Italy
- Hunting in Latvia
- Hunting in Lithuania
- Hunting in Macedonia
- Hunting in Montenegro
- Hunting in Poland
- Hunting in Portugal
- Hunting in Romania
- Hunting in Russia
- Hunting in Serbia
- Hunting in Slovakia
- Hunting in Spain
- Hunting in Sweden
- Hunting in Turkey
- Hunting in Ukraine
- Hunting in United Kingdom
- Hunting in England
- Hunting in Scotland
Hunting trips in Bulgaria
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Austria
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Belarus
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Croatia
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Czech Republic
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Estonia
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Finland
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from France
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Germany
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Greece
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Hungary
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Ireland
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Italy
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Latvia
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Lithuania
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Macedonia
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Montenegro
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Poland
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Portugal
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Romania
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Russia
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Serbia
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Slovakia
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Spain
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Sweden
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Turkey
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Ukraine
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from United Kingdom
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from England
- Hunting trips in Bulgaria - Bulgaria: We'd like to welcome hunters from Scotland
About hunting in Austria
Few cities in the world glide so effortlessly between the present and the past like Vienna. Its splendid historical face is easily recognized: grand imperial palaces and bombastic baroque interiors, museums flanking magnificent squares and, above all, the Hofburg - where the Habsburg rulers lived, loved and married into empires.
For our mountain hunts in the western Austrian Alps, Vienna is usually the starting location for every hunt.
Enjoy traditional stalking in the mountains while surrounded by roaring stags, climbing a peak to chase the majestic chamois, or participating in a classic driven hunt to test your shooting skills.
Unforgettable experience for your family
Austria offers plenty of opportunities to combine hunting with a family trip. You and your family can enjoy visits to various world-renowned destinations such as Vienna, the capital, or Salzburg, the city of Mozart. There are many options for cultural experiences for a non-hunting companion and for tours before and after a hunt. The small towns throughout the Alps are also very inviting and welcome tourists from around the world.
Unique game species
Austria is well known for its exemplary management of its game animals, including red deer, fallow deer, sika deer, roe deer, chamois, mouflon, Alpine ibex, marmot, and wild boar. There are also healthy populations of black cock and capercaillie.
About hunting in Belarus
Why hunting in Belarus is famous and so popular? The answer is simple: Belarus is well-known for its pure nature and great variety of species. Hunting trips to Belarus can combine both hunting which requires activity and leisure time. Belarus is known for its pristine wilderness, forests and marshes. This country always attracted hunters from all over the world. Hunting in Belarus is affordable for hunters of all classes, but low-price doesn’t mean low quality and less pleasure. You can choose a trip that will satisfy you fully and we’re ready to help you. Hunting in Belarus gives you opportunity to hunt on such animals as: aurochs, elks, red deer, roe, boar wolf, fox, beaver, hare, marten, otter, muskrat. Among birds it’s possible to hunt on capercaillie, blackcock, grouse, partridge, snipe, woodcock. As you can see, variety of possibilities for hunting in Belarus is great, everyone can find a trip according to interest. In Belarus you have a chance to hunt according to centuries-old traditions. Unique nature of Belarus scopes, variety of animals and experienced guides will make you tour to Belarus unforgettable experience! Game will remind you of great time, so don’t miss an opportunity!
About hunting in Bulgaria
Wide Variety of Game Animals
A mix of rugged mountain ranges and broad plains provides ideal habitat for red deer, roe deer, fallow deer, chamois, mouflon, wild boar, wolves, and lynx.
Unspoiled Natural Landscapes
Most of Bulgaria’s more remote regions remain undeveloped and undiscovered by tourists, leaving plenty of room for abundant game populations and providing a true wilderness hunting experience.
Cultural and Touring Opportunities
Bulgaria is famous for its beautiful Black Sea beaches, fine wines, monasteries, and historic and cultural sites including Plovdiv, Europe’s oldest continually inhabited city, that are well worth exploring before or after your hunt.
About hunting in Czech Republic
/Prague never lets you go/, said Franz Kafka, /this dear little mother has claws/. But those who tear themselves away from the capital like the hunter’s won’t be sorry. The honey-coloured spa towns in the Sudeten Mountains, Bohemia’s Renaissance breweries and hilltop ruins, and the tumbling vineyards and underground bars of Moravia are well worth exploring.
The landscape of the Czech countryside with old forests and lovely cultivated agriculture and man-made fish ponds are unique in the /old world/.
Good populations of roe deer, red deer, fallow deer, and wild boar, and exceptionally large mouflon.
Scientific game management and careful stewardship have kept the game populations healthy and thriving and the Czech Republic is the go-to destination for large mouflon in Europe.
Experience the rich, historic hunting traditions of central Europe
With an abundance of castles and chateaux, many of them filled with magnificent hunting tapestries and stag trophies, the past is always close at hand in the Czech Republic.
The city of Prague is a wonderful pre- or post-hunt destination
With its medieval Gothic architecture, vibrant urban center, and of course, Pilsner beer, Prague is well worth spending a few extra days after your hunt to explore.
About hunting in Croatia and Serbia
Croatia doesn’t feel like a place that has been thoroughly worked over by the tourist industry. Though development continues apace along the more commercialized stretches of the coast, Croatian tourism has spun off in a number of positive directions.
From dramatic mountainous landscapes and dreamy deep-blue seascapes to thick wild forests and wide open fields Croatia & Serbia offer a variety of different vegetations to explore for the traveling hunter.
Outstanding Deer and Bird Hunting
Serbia is an affordable destination for high-quality roebuck and bird hunting; it may be one of Europe’s best-kept hunting secrets.
Scenery, History, and Culture
With a fascinating history, beautiful landscapes and an abundance of museums and wineries, Serbia is a great place to tour before or after your hunt.
Friendly, Welcoming People
Serbs tend to be laid-back and known for their excellent hospitality and enjoyment of life.
About hunting in Estonia
Affordable Hunting Destination
Estonia is a great value for hunters, offering outstanding hunting experiences priced affordably.
Variety of Game Animals
Moose and lynx are plentiful, as well as red deer, roe deer, and bears.
Beautiful and Friendly
Estonia is a scenic country with friendly, welcoming people who value their wildlife and enjoy hosting visiting hunters.
About hunting in France
Rich Variety of Game
A wide range of huntable game is available, including red, roe, and fallow deer, mouflon, wild boar, Pyrenean and alpine chamois, and world-class bird shooting.
Two-Thousand-Year-Old Hunting Culture
Once the province only of the aristocracy, France’s rich hunting heritage can now be enjoyed by hunters from around the world.
Perfect Post-Hunt Family Vacation
Combine high-quality hunting with a sampling of French food, wine, and culture.
About hunting in Hungary
Hungary, situated in the Carpathian Basin and bordered by Austria is a popular tourist desination in Central Europe. With its capital Budapest the country is full of rich cultural heritage.
Its characteristic steaming hot, outdoor spas and impressive landscape divided by the Danube with several national parks and well managed hunting areas makes Hungary a perfect destination for hunters and their non-hunting companions.
Hungary has a centuries-old hunting tradition, and the time-honored traditions of the hunt are still a tangible and important part of the modern-day hunting experience.
Variety of game species
The countryside has excellent habitat for a variety of game species. Combined with the pleasant climate, this makes the country a paradise for hunters.
Hungary prides itself on the high quality of its game management, and the large number of exceptional trophy animals taken every year is proof of the success and sustainability of its management program.
About hunting in Ireland
The Emerald Isle’s mountains, lakes, and stunning Atlantic seashores offer a beautiful setting in which to pursue red deer, sika deer, fallow deer, and several varieties of feral sheep and goats in acres of wild and windswept countryside. Ireland has one of the densest populations of sika deer in Europe, and stalking these elusive animals in the ancient forests and green hills of the Irish countryside makes for a true challenge. Bird hunting in Ireland is outstanding, with some twenty species of game birds including excellent high-volume shooting for wood pigeons. The Irish are well known for their excellent hospitality and welcome visiting hunters. Opportunities for post-hunt sightseeing, hiking, and touring abound.
About hunting in Italy
Bird Hunting in Beautiful Countryside
Bird hunting for abundant partridge, pheasant, and quail is very popular in Italy with resident hunters and visitors alike.
Exciting Driven Boar Hunts
Italy is home to healthy populations of wild boars and driven shoots are popular and highly successful.
Outstanding Vacation Destination
Whether you decide to go wine-tasting in Tuscany or pay a visit to the Roman ruins after your hunt, you'll discover why Italy is one of the world's finest tourist destinations.
About hunting in Latvia
Latvia, located in northern Europe along the coast of Baltic Sea on the western border of Russia, is one of three countries known collectively as the Baltic States. Most of the country consists of a mosaic of vast forests alternating with fields, farms, and pasture land. The country has the fifth-highest proportion of forested land in the European Union, with forests making up some 56 percent of the total land area. Latvia also has miles of beautiful, undeveloped seashore.
This wealth of habitat has given rise to a long tradition of conservation in Latvia and excellent wildlife management. More than 10,000 European moose are taken each year in Latvia, primarily from stands or high seats but also with the use of moose dogs and calling during the rut. Driven wild boar hunts are also popular. Other huntable game found in Latvia includes the European lynx (often hunted with hounds, similar to cougars in the USA), red stags, and the unusual but highly sought-after raccoon dog. Bird hunters will find good populations of capercaillie and black grouse in Latvia.
About hunting in Macedonia
Part Balkan and part Mediterranean, a place that only became famous a couple of years ago with many wild areas left to explore as a hunter.
Hunt the Unspoiled Heart of the Balkans
Relatively undeveloped and undiscovered by tourists, Macedonia has abundant game populations and offers a true wilderness hunting experience.
Trophy Chamois and Ibex
Macedonia is known for its large Balkan chamois trophies, and it is a major destination for hunting kri kri ibex.
Combo Hunts at Great Prices
With a wide variety of native and introduced species, Macedonia is well positioned to offer hunts for a combination of different species at affordable prices.
About hunting in Poland
With large areas of unbroken forest and sparsely populated rural areas, a hunt in Poland is a wilderness adventure.
Poland has the largest population of European bison outside of Russia.
Variety of Species
In addition to bison, thriving populations of roe deer, red deer, fallow deer, mouflon, and wild boar draw hunters from around the world.
About hunting in Romania
Authentic, Natural and Cultural are the words that best capture the essence of Romania, a dynamic country rich in history, arts and scenic beauty.
Romania’s national and natural parks, displaying a unique variety of landscapes, vegetation and wildlife, protect some of the largest remaining areas of pristine forest in Europe.
Hunting Romania’s primeval forests and rugged mountainsides is the perfect way to experience one of the last true wilderness regions on the European continent.
Romania is home to a wide variety of sought-after game animals from brown bears and wolves to roe deer, stags, wild boars, and chamois.
From its authentic medieval castles, to mysterious Transylvania, to the beautiful shores of the Black Sea, Romania offers plenty of cultural and historic touring opportunities when your hunt is over.
About hunting in Russia
Variety and abundance of game
Russia’s forests, rivers, and towering mountains teem with an incredible diversity of fish and wildlife.
Because of recent economic changes and today’s currency exchange rates, hunts in Russia are a great value for the international hunter.
Rich historical legacy and ancient hunting traditions
Russia’s hunting traditions go back to ancient times, and it forms an important theme in the literature of great Russian writers. Russian hunters are proud of the cultural legacy of the hunt, which persists to this day.
About hunting in Slovakia
Variety of Game
Slovakia boasts excellent populations of the classic European species: red deer, roe deer, fallow deer, mouflon, and wild boar.
Strong Hunting Tradition
Slovakia has a long and proud hunting tradition dating back to the 1400s, and celebration of its hunting culture continues today with events such as Saint Hubert Days in the village of Antol in central Slovakia.
Affordable Hunt with a Bohemian Flair
The thinly populated forest areas and rich agricultural land in Slovakia provides a true European hunting experience at a modest price.
About hunting in Spain
Red-legged Partridge shoots, Spanish Grand Slam Ibex Hunting and /Monteria’s/.
Great Weather, Excellent Food and Wine, Strong Southern Hunting Traditions.
Outstanding mountain hunting
Spain is home to some of the world’s greatest mountain game, including four sought-after varieties of ibex, two subspecies of chamois, and Iberian mouflon.
World-class driven hunts
Traditional driven hunts for red deer, roe deer, and wild boar, as well as driven bird shoots, are a valued part of the hunting culture in Spain.
Excellent family vacation destination
Spain offers plenty of pre- or post-hunt enjoyment for the entire family, whether it’s skiing in the Sierra Nevada, lounging on the beach in Majorca, or sightseeing in the historic cities of Madrid or Granad.
About hunting in Sweden
Sweden, with the highest percentage of forested land in all of Europe, has a long and storied hunting tradition. The northern regions of this Scandinavian country are still sparsely populated, true wilderness. European moose live in just about every corner of the country; most estimates put the total population at some 300,000. In fact, the Swedes are the world’s most enthusiastic moose hunters, taking some 100,000 animals every year twice as many moose as are shot in the USA and Canada, combined.
The tremendous abundance of moose in Sweden has given rise to a moose-hunting tradition that is heavily focused on the most basic reason people hunt: for meat. The traditional “moose drive,” conducted with dogs that push moose to standing hunters, incorporates plenty of camaraderie and teamwork, with the aim of filling freezers and keeping the moose population in check. There are many other species to hunt in Sweden as well as moose, including roe deer, red deer, fallow deer, reindeer, and wild boars. Capercaillie and black grouse are also abundant and highly sought after by hunters in Sweden.
About hunting in Turkey
The Border between Central Europe and the Far East.
Excellent Wild Mountain Hunting without the lack of comfort.
About hunting in England & Scotland
High Birds, endless Highlands, unique Culture and Hunting & Shooting with style.
Huge variety of Species and breathtaking Estates.
Classic Deer Stalking
Stalking red deer in the Scottish Highlands is one of the world’s most classic hunts. Many other varieties of deer are abundant throughout the UK as well.
The UK, especially Scotland, is home to some of the finest (and often most expensive) wing shooting in the world. Driven hunts for grouse and pheasant are wildly popular as are walk-up hunts with dogs.
Tradition and Culture
The traditions of the hunt that began in the highlands and moors of the UK have spread throughout much of the world as a result of British influence. Hunters visiting the UK today often stay in castles, eat traditional fare, and explore the same highlands and moors that hunters have trod for centuries.
- BOOK YOUR HUNT IN BULGARIA
Срокове на ловуване
Лов на сърна:
- мъжки - селекционно и трофейно - от 1 май до 30 октомври
- женски и приплоди - от 1 септември до 30 октомври
Като едър дивеч, ловът на сърна е много желан от много ловци. Това им доставя много морална наслада, независимо от факта, че те се сдобиват с така желан трофей. Има и месо и кожа, има и красиви спомени. Но преди всичко, за да има ловна слука,
трябва да се отиде на лов. Поради силно намалелите запаси от сърна, допреди една-две години това бе недостижима химера за много от редовите ловци. Трябва да се знае, че ловуването на сърна и преди всичко от начина на неговото провеждане
в голяма степен както размерът на ловните запаси от този вид дивеч, така и качеството на добитите трофеи. Затова на ловуването като една от формите за ползване на сърните трябва да се погледне с необходимата сериозност не само от страна
на държавните органи и ловните сдружения, а и от всеки ловец, който се отправя на такъв лов. Необходимо е да се изберат тези начини на ловуване, които са не само най рационални, т.е. да дават най-положителни резултати от ловните излети,
но преди всичко да осигурят добри резултати в размножаването, стопанисването, и подобряването на качествения състав на сърнешката популация. За да спазим тези основни принципи, трябва да отговорим по най-правилният начин на редица въпроси,
като най-важните от тях са изборът на правилния метод на ловуване, откриване при всички обстоятелства на наранените сърни и правилното отношение към добитите трофеи.
Разпространение на сърната
Сърната е разпространена в по-голямата част на Европа. Липсва в Ирландия, Исландия и Северна Скандинавия, както и в най-южните части на Средиземноморските държави. В България тя се среща от морското равнище до горната граница на гората
както в планините, така и в равнините. Най-многобройна са сърните в Стара планина, Средна гора и Родопите, както и в Лудогорието и Добруджа. Понякога се заселва и в обработваеми площи. Числеността й е около 75 000 бр.
Общи сведения за сърната
Сърната е чифтокопитен бозайник, който спада към семейство Еленови. Тя е средно-голяма на ръст. Дължината на тялото достига 100-130 сm, височината в холката - 70-80 сm, а масата е 20-35 kg. Опашката е къса - само 3-4 сm. Сърната има стройно
тяло и тънки дълги крака. Козината й е едноцветна. През зимата тя е сива до сивокафява, а през лятото жълточервена. Задницата на сърната е бяла, нарича се "огледало". Рога притежава само мъжката сърна - сръндакът. През първата година
рогата са шиповидни, през втората чаталести, а по-късно разклонени, с по 3-4 клона всеки. Рогата на сръндака се сменят всяка година. Те падат обикновено през октомври - ноември. След 3-4 седмици започват да растат нови, които достигат
пълното си развитие през март - май, когато се обелва и покриващата ги дотогава фина кожа, наречена лико.
Начин на живот и хранене на сърната
През деня сърната обикновено се крие из гъсталаците, а привечер излиза да пасе. Любими нейни места за паша са сочните ливади, сечища и просеки, както и още неизкласилите житни ниви. Тя се храни с треви, млади леторасли и пъпките на много
дървета и храсти, яде охотно също дъбови и букови жълъди, конски кестени и някои други плодове. Обича да ближе и сол. През лятото сърната живее поединично, а през зимата се събира на по-големи или малки стада и слиза по-ниско в планините,
където по-лесно може да намери храна.
Размножаване при сърната
Размножителният период на сърната в България започва към средата на юли и продължава около един месец. Тогава между възрастните сръндаци стават борби за овладяване на женските сърни, които обаче рядко завършват със смъртта на някой от
двамата съперници. Бременните сърни раждат след 270-280 дни, най-често по две, по-рядко по едно или три малки, които имат ръждиво-жълта окраска и отначало са изпъстрени с бели петна. Сърнетата придружават майка си докато навършат едногодишна
Стопанско значение на сърната
Сърните са един от основните видове дивеч за нашето ловно стопанство. От тях може да се получи голямо количество месо и кожи. Към трофеите на сръндаците проявяват интерес наши и чуждестранни ловци. Когато запасите им са нормални, те нанасят
незначителни вреди на селското стопанство. Националният рекорд е 184,05 т. по СIС. Предлагат се трофейни екземпляри с тегло на рогата от 300 gr до 550 gr.
Лов на сърна чрез чакане - лов на сърна чрез засада, лов на сърна чрез варда
Той се провежда обикновено сутрин или вечер, когато сърните излизат да се хранят или се прибират от паша. В районите, в които е осигурено спокойствието им, той може да се извършва по-продължително време, тъй като животните излизат по-рано
привечер, а даже и следобед, и се прибират сутрин по-късно. Напротив, там, където сърните са наплашени и обезпокоени, ловуването по този метод може да се провежда само за кратко време сутрин и привечер, и то без гарантиран успех. По
принцип при този начин на провеждане на отстрела трябва да се познават много добре навиците на сърната и по-специално по кое време и къде излиза на паша и кога се връща, както и местата на нейните пътеки. От моята практика мога да
споделя, че правя наблюдения на избрания район поне един месец предварително и набелязвам всички удобни места за варда. Това ми е гарантирало успеха в ловните излети почти винаги. Никога не съм разчитал на случайността. Чакането по
принцип се провежда край някоя поляна или ливада, където дивечът идва да се храни, както и по перваза на гората, в близост на която има люцерна и други фуражни култури. През есента особено подходящи за засада са площите, богати на
дъбов и буков жълъд, където сърните идват редовно. По своята същност този вид лов е индивидуален. Ловецът трябва да застане на такова място, че да има обзор за наблюдение на приближаващите сърни, без те да могат да го забележат. Чакането
може да се извърши направо на земята, на някое дърво или на специално устроено високо чакало. При чакането на земята е желателно да се избере леко издигнато място на терена, откъдето да има не само добър обзор на местността, но и да
бъде удобно за стрелба. В такива случаи практикувам устройване на някакво импровизирано прикритие като пръчкарник от подръчни храсти, клони, плевели и др. налична растителност, или използвам естествено прикритие - стебла на дървета,
група от храсти и др. За да бъдем сигурни, че сърните няма да ни подушат, трябва задължително да се съобразим с "розата на ветровете" и с посоката, от която очакваме дивеча. В противен случай сърните ще подветрят ловеца и неминуемо
ще променят посоката на своето движение.
В сравнение с чакането на земята, използването на дърво или високо чакало за тази цел е многократно по-удобен и сигурен начин. Преди всичко ловецът се намира на известна височина над терена, има отлична наблюдателна възможност и най-важното
- сърните трудно могат да го забележат. Погледът им е отправен встрани и напред, при това на чувствително по-ниско ниво и това е основното предимство на ловеца. Мястото за разполагане на такива чакала трябва да е такова, че да позволява
стрелба във всички посоки, без да е неооходимо да се местим и нагласяме. В противен случай произведеният шум от тези приготовления ще прогони дивеча. Ловът чрез засада е един от най-прогресивните и рационални видове лов на едър дивеч.
Той има много предимства, по-главните от които са:
1. Дивечът се стреля в спокойно положение, без да е гонен и безпокоен излишно. Именно поради това там, където се ловува по този начин, сърните са спокойни, не са наплашени и лесно се приближават по всяко време към
2. Ловецът има възможност да огледа добре излязлото животно и да прецени въз основа на неговите качества и генетични заложби дали да стреля или не; избира се и необходимият трофей с предварителна представа за неговата
3. Спокойната стрелба дава възможност на ловеца добре да се прицели и да порази дивеча в най-уязвимото място, така че той да падне веднага, а не да избяга наранен и впоследствие да стане плячка на хищниците.
4. От емоционална гледна точка този начин на ловуване има своите съществени предимства, защото при него проличават уменията и познанията на ловеца да избере правилното място за вардата, да прецени безпогрешно подлежащия
на отстрел екземпляр и да го порази с точен и безкомпромисен изстрел.
Лов на сърна чрез издебване
Този начин на лов е също индивидуален. Ловецът сам търси сърните и се стреми да ги доближи на изстрелно разстояние по най-безшумния начин. За правилното и успешно провеждане на този лов е необходимо да се познава отлично местността и да
се знае в дадения момент къде може да са животните, за да не се губи излишно време за тяхното търсене. За целта са необходими също много предварителни наблюдения на района. Придвижването е желателно да става по коларски пътища и отъпкани
пътеки, като се стремим да бъдем максимално тихи. Това обаче е много трудно, особено през есента, когато шумата е опадала и още не е слегнала от влагата. При приближаването си към сърните ловецът трябва да използва максимално всички
прикрития на терена: дървета, храсти, долове, оврази. Трябва да се движи безшумно. В случай, че забележи и най-малките признаци на тревога у животните, той трябва да спре незабавно и да изчака да се успокоят, за да може да продължи
и да ги приближи. За по-лесно издебване на сърните може да се използва някаква каруца. Тези животни са доверчиви и не се плашат от конска или волска кола, поради което с нейна помощ може да бъдат доближени достатъчно. В този случай,
за да не се подплашат от слизането на ловеца от каруцата, е желателно той да стои ниско в нея и когато е достатъчно близо за успешен изстрел, трябва да слезе бързо и незабелязано и да се скрие веднага зад някое близко укритие. Каруцата
продължава своето движение. Сърните, чието внимание е отвлечено от отдалечаващата се кола, по принцип не забелязват ловеца, освен ако той не допусне груба грешка и се издаде. При това положение той може спокойно да ги огледа и да стреля
по избраното от него животно. Недопустимо е да се стреля по сърните от каруцата. Това противоречи на ловната етика. Освен това такъв изстрел много често е несигурен. От гледна точка на емоционалната нагласа този лов е най-привлекателен
и емоционален. Умението на ловеца да се слее с околната растителност, неговата възможност да издебва дивеча и да го приближи на изстрелно разстояние, правилно да подбере нужния екземпляр от стадото и да го порази на място - всичко
това си е висше ловно майсторство. В сравнение с вардата обаче невинаги има време за обстойно оглеждане на животните и за правилния избор на отстреляния екземпляр. Освен това при най-малката грешка дивечът побягва и успехът от лова
Лов на сърна чрез примамване
Този метод на лов се използва само за отстрел на сръндаци по време на брачния период. Същността му се състои в примамване на мъжкаря чрез призивни звуци от любовен зов на женската сърна или чрез хормонален мирис на същата. За целта в първия
случай се използва специална свирка, но може да се използва и лист от буково или крушово дърво (което си е цяло изкуство). И в единия, и в другия случай обаче, за сполучливото имитиране гласа на женската се изисква много опит и тренировки.
Във втория случай се намазват предмети - камъни, дънери на дървета, пънове - със специален препарат, имитиращ миризмата на разгонена женска сърна. Провеждането на този лов, който е индивидуален, става по следния начин. Проучват се
предварително районите на отделните сръндаци, което става с внимателно ослушване и наблюдение, без в никакъв случай да се безпокоят животните. След това ловецът избира подходящо място в близост до обичайните места за придвижване на
сръндака, като се прикрива умело достига до него безшумно и незабелязано. В противен случай примамването ще бъде неуспешно.
Не е желателно веднага след установяването си на мястото на вардата ловецът да започне мамене. По-добре е да се изчака първо да се обади сръндакът или някакъв друг начин да се разбере къде се намира той в дадения момент. Но даже и да не
се удаде това на ловеца, което при сърните е доста често, изчакването е необходимо, за да не се предизвика у животното дори и най-малкото безпокойство и съмнение, ако по някакъв начин е забелязало нашето приближаване. Едва след това
ловецът издава през 2-3 минути по две-три последователни писукания, наподобяващи гласа на разгонената женска. Примамването не бива да продължава повече от 20-25 минути. В случай че ловецът усети или забележи идването на мъжкаря, той
трябва веднага да преустанови примамването и да изчака неговото приближаване. В противен случай ще се издаде и сръндакът ще избяга. Ако след 20-25-минутно примамване никой не се отзове, ловецът трябва да се премести на друго място
и там да опита отново. Този лов е доста труден и невинаги завършва с успех, тъй като сръндаците не се отзовават на повикванията с такава охота, както елените например. По-добър е ефектът с хормоналните мирисови примамки.
От гледна точка на емоционалната нагласа на ловеца ловът чрез примамване е особено привлекателен, защото изисква умения за имитиране гласа на женската сърна, правилен избор на подходящо място за примамване, търпение при изчакването на
сръндака и умение да се придвижва незабелязан и да се слива със заобикалящата го природна среда. Този метод е слабо познат сред нашите ловци.
Лов на сърна чрез спокойна гонка
Този начин на ловуване може да бъде индивидуален или групов, като във втория участват един-двама стрелци и един-двама гоначи. Стрелците заемат тихо и внимателно определени места на пътеките-вървища, по които дивечът е навикнал да минава,
и се маскират максимално добре. Гоначите се стремят да подгонят сърните и да ги отправят към тях без излишен шум и ловни кучета. За успешен лов и наслука е също така вземане под внимание посоката на вятъра по време на провеждането
на лова. Стрелците по принцип трябва да застанат срещу вятъра, а гоначите да гонят по неговата посока. Гоначите почукват по дърветата и съвсем леко подвикват, за да вдигнат и подгонят сърните, без да ги подплашват. Само така животните
ще излязат на обичайните си пътеки за придвижване спокойни и без да бягат пред очакващите ги стрелци. Подгонването не бива да се извършва на големи площи, тъй като сърните се подкарват много трудно на големи разстояния и съвсем скоро
след вдигането си се отклоняват от избраната посока, връщайки се обратно. Късите гонки дават винаги по-добър резултат.
Спокойното вдигане може да се приложи в още един вариант. Гоначите се движат по ската на някой овраг, по посока на вятъра, като се стремят да вдигнат сърните в района. По хоризонтала над тях и малко напред се движат един или двама стрелци,
оглеждайки се и ослушвайки се, за да забележат навреме идващата сърна. Тъй като повечето сърни се вдигат и се движат леко напред и нагоре, те в скоро време се приближават до стрелците, които могат да ги огледат и да стрелят спокойно
по тях. От емоционална гледна точка този лов е интересен и привлекателен, тъй като изисква умения в разставянето на двете групи гоначи и стрелци, отлично познаване на терена, бърза и съобразителна стрелба. Нужно е обаче голямо внимание,
за да не се случи злополука по време на ловуването.
Съществуват и начини за ловуване на сърни чрез класическа гонка, която е също като тихата гонка. Тук броят на гоначите е 4-5 човека, а стрелците са 7-8. Недостатък тук е, че гоначите гонят по-големи площи, безпокои се дивечът, наплашва
се и той излиза на стрелците в бяг, което води до трудно преценяване на неговите генетични недостатъци и достойнства. Стреля се на тъмно и накрая се вижда какво сме убили.
По сърните се стреля с леки куршуми и нарезно оръжие. Тогава те се поразяват със сигурност и съвсем незначителна част от тях се наранява и похабява. Това обаче е възможно само при ловуването на варда, чрез издебване и чрез причакване.
При ловуването чрез спокойна и класическа гонка, когато по сърните се стреля докато са в движение, за предпочитане е да се отстрелват със сачми. Най-удачни са от 6/0 до 8/0. Не бива да се стреля на повече от 40-50 м разстояние.
Ако спазваме тези препоръки, похабяването и загубването на раненото животно ще бъде само в отделни и изолирани случаи.